capacitance: (c)

[1] The property which opposes any change in voltage in an electrical circuit. The property of a nonconductor by which it stores electrical energy when separated surfaces of the nonconductor are maintained at a difference of potential. Capacitance is measured by the ratio of the charge induced to the potential difference and is proportional to the area of the conducting plates and the dielectric constant of the nonconducting material, and inversely proportional to the separation of the plates (mks unit: farad).
[2] property of a nonconductor (condenser or capacitor) that permits storage of electrical energy in an electrostatic field

Dictionary of automotive terms. 2015.

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  • capacitance — [ kapasitɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1927; mot angl. ♦ Phys. Impédance d un circuit qui se comporte comme un condensateur. ● capacitance nom féminin En électricité, réactance opposée par une capacité au passage d un courant alternatif sinusoïdal. capacitance… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Capacitance — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. La capacitance peut désigner : l impédance d un condensateur en électricité, elle s exprime en F (Farad). (voir : Capacité électrique) Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • capacitance — ca*pac i*tance (k[.a]*p[a^]s [i^]*tans), n. 1. an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored. Syn: electrical capacity, capacity. [WordNet 1.5] 2. (Electronics) a measure of the ability of a capacitor to store electrical charge;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capacitance —   [engl.], Kapazität …   Universal-Lexikon

  • capacitance — 1893, from CAPACITY (Cf. capacity) (q.v.) + ANCE (Cf. ance) …   Etymology dictionary

  • capacitance — ► NOUN Physics ▪ the ability of a circuit or object to store electric charge, equivalent to the ratio of the change in electric charge to the corresponding change in electric potential …   English terms dictionary

  • capacitance — [kə pas′i təns] n. [ CAPACIT(Y) + ANCE] Elec. that property of a capacitor which determines how much charge can be stored in it for a given potential difference between its terminals, equal to the ratio of the charge stored to the potential… …   English World dictionary

  • Capacitance — Electromagnetism Electricity · …   Wikipedia

  • capacitance — /keuh pas i teuhns/, n. Elect. 1. the ratio of an impressed charge on a conductor to the corresponding change in potential. 2. the ratio of the charge on either conductor of a capacitor to the potential difference between the conductors. 3. the… …   Universalium

  • capacitance — The quantity of electric charge that may be stored upon a body per unit electric potential; expressed in farads, abfarads, or statfarads. * * * ca·pac·i·tance kə pas ət ən(t)s n 1 a) the property of an electric nonconductor that permits the… …   Medical dictionary

  • capacitance — talpinė varža statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. capacitance; capacity reactance; capacitive reactance vok. kapazitiver Widerstand, m rus. ёмкостное сопротивление, n pranc. capacitance, f; réactance capacitive, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

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